A Study on Molecular Diagnosis of Theileria Species Infection by PCR Amplification in Sheep and Goats in Multan, Pakistan

  • Muhammad Riaz
  • Zahida Tasawar
Keywords: sheep, goats, DNA extraction, PCR amplification, Theileria ovis, Theileria lestoquardi

Abstract

In this present study polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was used for identification and
differentiation of Theileria species infection in Multan, Pakistan. Out of 220 blood samples collected from
sheep and goats, 31.2% (70/220) were found positive for Theileria species by PCR amplification compared
to only 9.1% (20/220) on blood smear. Theileria infection was observed in 39.3% (57/145) of sheep and
18.6% (13/75) of goats sampled. The prevalence of Theileria ovis and Theileria lestoquardi in the 70
positive samples was found to be 57% (40/70) and 30% (21/70), respectively with only 12.3% (9/70) of
blood samples having a mixed infection of both T. ovis and T. lestoquardi. Overall the prevalence of
T. ovis infection was higher than T. lestoquardi in both sheep and goats. Herds with sheep only had
significantly higher parasitic prevalence. The results confirm that PCR is direct, specific and sensitive tool
for diagnosis of ovine theileriosis.

Author Biography

Muhammad Riaz

Zoology Division, Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakariya University,
Multan-60800, Pakistan

Published
2017-04-30
How to Cite
Riaz, M., & Tasawar, Z. (2017). A Study on Molecular Diagnosis of Theileria Species Infection by PCR Amplification in Sheep and Goats in Multan, Pakistan. Biological Sciences - PJSIR, 60(1), 36-45. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.52763/PJSIR.BIOL.SCI.60.1.2017.36.45