Seasonal and Spatial Variations of Iron and Zinc Values in  Meadows with a Semi-Arid Climate

Seasonal Changes in the Climate by Iron and Zinc

  • Humayun Bashir Department of Botany, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Zafar Iqbal Khan Department of Botany, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Kafeel Ahmad Department of Botany, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
Keywords: iron, zinc, season, semi-arid, spatio-temporal

Abstract

Seasonal changes in the climate, as well as in plants and species living in this environment, which causes serious problems. Current work was carried out to evaluate the seasonal impact on the  concentration of iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) in soil, forages and animals. A semi arid dry climatic area of Pakistan was selected to find out the seasonal effects on soil and availability of Zn and Fe, and its translocation to forages and animals. Twenty seven forages were collected and 320 ruminant samples collected from two sites in four seasons. Effect of spatial-temporal variations were studied on the ruminants of four physiological stages (Does, Bucks, Wether and Juvenile). Different sources from goats including blood, feces and urine were collected for the analysis of Zn and Fe. Results showed that both elements  in soil were significantly (P < 0.05) affected by season and site x season. In forages, only site showed significant effect on Fe and Zn, while Zn was affected non-significantly (P > 0.05) by season and site x season. Zn and Fe in goats were non-significantly affected by season and source x stages, while significantly affected by sites and sources. All values of both elements were in safe limits except deficiency of Fe (1.69 to 2.33 mg/L) in blood. Results of health indices were also in the limits. Current work encircles the spatio- temporal effects on mineral availability in the food chain and also concern the health effects related to ruminant health.

 

Published
2021-10-04
How to Cite
Bashir, H., Khan, Z. I., & Ahmad, K. (2021). Seasonal and Spatial Variations of Iron and Zinc Values in  Meadows with a Semi-Arid Climate. Biological Sciences - PJSIR, 64(3), 231-243. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.52763/PJSIR.BIOL.SCI.64.3.2021.231.243